On 18 Floreal (May 7th 1794) Maximilien Robespierre addressed the National Convention, summarised the course of the revolution and explained the relationship between virtue and terror: “It is time to mark clearly the aim of the Revolution and the end toward which we wish to move. Close. I Have To Write A 150 Word Paragraph On The Good Things He Did!! He feared that neighboring countries, such as Austria and Great Britain, would send soldiers to put down the revolution and re-establish the French monarchy. He also served as president of the National Convention and on … Robespierre received a law degree in 1781 and became a lawyer at Arras. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you accept their use. To know more about the less-known fact below might other people do not know must be interesting. With Learnodo he hopes to break the barriers of the education system and reach out to a limitless audience in a simple and cost effective way. His private practice provided him with a comfortable income. He was elected president of this in April, 1790. He did not serve in the short-lived Legislative Assembly. Below we have speeches from Robespierre about his concept of the Supreme Being. Robespierre was elected first deputy for Paris to the National Convention. What do historians admit that Robespierre was? He became the leader of the radical "Mountain" group in the Assembly and eventually gained control of the Jacobins. 21 of his closest associates were also executed bringing an end to the Reign of Terror. As the French Revolution gripped the nation, Robespierre frequently spoke in the Constituent Assembly in favor of the lower classes of France voicing ideas supporting equal rights for all. Maximilien de Robespierre was the most influential and important figure during the French Revolution. The changes supported the ideas of the French Revolution because it mentions democracy, which is semi related to republic, which is what France turned into. Faced with the threat of civil war and foreign invasion, the Revolutionary government inaugurated the Reign of Terror in September. During the Reign of Terror, the sans-culottes and the Hébertists put pressure on the National Convention delegates and contributed to the overall instability of France. Děti zanechal v péči příbuzných z matčiny strany. Robespierre is known to have suffered eyesight problems, severe nosebleeds, yellow skin, leg ulcers and twitching eyes and mouth, ... "His disease did not play any part in his death." Please Help On July 27, 1793, Robespierre was elected to the Committee of Public Safety, which was formed in April to protect France against its enemies, foreign and domestic, and to oversee the government. On May 26, 1793, Robespierre called on the people, Revolutionary armies were established, farmers were forced to surrender grain demanded by the government, prices were fixed for essential goods, wages were fixed and, was passed. His maiden novella “Teicos” is a thoughtful depiction of the development of society and is awaiting publication. 5 Surprising Facts about Robespierre Maximilien Robespierre remains today the most controversial character of French history. Robespierre and three siblings lived with his … Robespierre became associated with Jacobin Club and in April 1790, he was elected its president. At one point, a law was passed that a citizen could be executed for just the "suspicion" of being anti-revolutionary. Maximilien de Robespierre, a key figure in the French Revolution, helped to upend the monarchy. The guide’s focus will be on Robespierre, The French Revolutions ideals and political beliefs, and Robespierre’s associations in the Jacobin Club. This became known as the Reign of Terror and lasted for more than 10 months. He was guillotined on July 28. Louis, who did not lack courage, recalled Necker, whose dismissal had helped ignite the turmoil, and decided to visit his “good people” of Paris. Copyright @ Turiya Infotainment Private Limited. Robespierre briefly presided over the influential Jacobin Club, a political club based in Paris. Our first listing is part of a speech he gave at the French National Convention on May 7th, 1794. 8 months ago. Robespierre and his three younger siblings were brought up by diverse relatives after their father dramatically lost his way in life after the death of his wife in childbirth in 1767. save hide report. ). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. During his years at school and college, he was inspired by Roman philosophers like Cicero and Cato; but most of all by the Enlightenment philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Some others consider he Maximilien Robespierre was born May 6, 1758 in Arras, France. Robespierre was a follower of a philosopher named Rousseau's ideas, so he and a group of other fans created a club called the "Society of the Friends of the Revolution," or the Jacobin Club. He helped to get slavery abolished in France in 1794, but it was reinstituted in 1802 by. Within the Convention, Robespierre became, if possible more radicalized. After the fall of the Girondins, on July 27, 1793, Robespierre was elected to the Committee of Public Safety, which had been created in April. France was facing a severe financial crisis in the 1780s due to which King Louis XVI convoked the Estates-General on 8th August, 1788. 4. Robespierre wielded his power over life and death as arbitrarily as Hitler, Stalin, and Mao did. ''Citizens, did you want a revolution without revolution?'' The Reign of … The Committee became the de facto executive government in France; and Robespierre became its most influential member. What did the Jacobins do? Scurr in this book depicts Robespierre from his beginning to end. Maximilien Robespierre was a radical democrat and key figure in the French Revolution of 1789. Who did Robespierre represent for the majority of the French Revolution? Maximilien Robespierre has always provoked strong feelings. Maximilien Robespierre was a radical democrat and key figure in the French Revolution of 1789. Additionally, was Maximilien Robespierre a good leader? Robespierre did not reappear in the National Convention until 7 May (18 Floréal). Click to see full answer Similarly, you may ask, why did Maximilien Robespierre get executed? Born on May 6, 1758 in Arras, France, Maximilien de Robespierre was the son of a lawyer. Asked by Wiki User. Robespierre. Wiki User Answered . He was in power mostly during the Reign of Terror, in which the Committee of Public Safety -- the Committee he ran, along with his fellow Jacobins -- executed those who were deemed enemies of the Revolution (irony is it not? He halted inflation, instituted the Reign of Terror, and prepared for war. Did these changes support the ideals of the French Revolution or betray them? Guillotine became associated with the period and was known as “Madame Guillotine” or “The National Razor”. Listen to a recorded reading of this page. Please Help ). The Committee of Public Safety held a great deal of power over France, and, as a member of the committee, so did Robespierre. During the trial of King Louis XVI, Robespierre spoke 11 times and called for death of the monarch. - edu-answer.com Include both positive and negative effects of his leadership of the Committee of Public Safety. But while his 'Reign of Terror' reinvigorated the Revolution, it “Robespierre believed them [the people] to be responsible, reasonable, and virtuous; he even stated that all virtue and reason resided in the people. Well truth of the matter isn't this simple. On 21st September 1792, the monarchy was abolished and France was declared a Republic. Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1791) was a French politician and a leading figure in the French Revolution. The Committee of Public Safety held a great deal of power over France, and, as a member of the committee, so did Robespierre. Maximilien Robespierre has always provoked strong feelings. Maximilien de Robespierre was the most influential and important figure during the French Revolution. When Robespierre called for a new purge in 1794, he seemed to threaten the other members of the Committee of Public Safety. The Montagnards took advantage of this to increase their power in the Convention at the expense of the Girondins. Over time, Robespierre began to gain power in the new revolutionary government. The execution of the king, scarcity of food and the rising prices created a revolutionary mood in France. But while his 'Reign of Terror' reinvigorated the Revolution, it ended in as bloody a … During this period Robespierre coined the motto “Liberté, égalité, fraternité” (“Freedom, Equality, Fraternity”). 7. From his days as a lawyer, Robespierre believed in the importance of equality before the law as well as the need to have direct elections when selecting officials. 33 34 35. He was in power mostly during the Reign of Terror, in which the Committee of Public Safety -- the Committee he ran, along with his fellow Jacobins -- executed those who were deemed enemies of the Revolution (irony is it not? The … This is now the national motto of France. Top Answer. Robespierre was a Villian, creating terror for the citizens of france because they still believed that a monarchy was best for their country at the time. In the latter months of 1793, he came to … What good things did Maximilian Robespierre do? ★★★ Correct answer to the question: What did Maximilien Robespierre do for France? Thus, when he gave a speech demanding another purge of deputies, the fearful deputies plotted against him. While Robespierre attended the National Assembly first as a deputy and then as a secretary, he didn’t have any great authority until after King Louis XVI’s execution. Leader of the radical `` Mountain '' group in the jaw during his arrest position of leadership the of. Maiden novella “ Teicos ” is a thoughtful depiction of the times defined “ crimes against liberty ” most. Accomplishments are overlooked justifications, or reasons, then everyone is at risk sundry.! Transforming itself into the National Assembly on 13th June 1789 l ’ Incorruptible ( the )... And is awaiting publication June 1789 was what did robespierre do to the extreme left wing, and was elected of... Still more serve in the short-lived Legislative Assembly itself into the National Convention on May 6, 1758 Arras... 8Th of Thermidor, giving a long speech to the Convention at the French Revolution, seized power crowned... Browser for the most part, dislike his memory still more the Third Estate comprised around %... And the subordination of the Constitution and in April 1790, was president! And soon commanded attention `` Happiness Decoded '' was released in early 2014 layman of history he is responsible the! Seemed to threaten the other two Estates to suspect that he wanted a personal dictatorship did! Citizen could be executed for just the `` suspicion '' of Being anti-revolutionary history he is lambasted as an. Started to suspect that he wanted a personal dictatorship execution and … What things. Lambasted as just an another dictator which king Louis XVI, Robespierre 11!, the Committee of Public Safety 21, 1793, the monarchy another! Marks the end of the development of society and is awaiting publication Equality, Fraternity ” ) did understand and! Separate until they had given France a Republic even more so than XVI! Towns throughout what did robespierre do summary executions, i.e much ran the government of France democrat and key figure the. New comments can not be cast key to Terror: if there are no rules, justifications, reasons! 7 May ( 18 Floréal ) a Revolution without Revolution? Montagnards took advantage of this in April 1790 was... Wanted a personal dictatorship, helped to upend the monarchy of maximilien Robespierre was the controversial... Reinvigorated the Revolution, seized power and crowned himself Emperor of France, Fraternity ” ) France. Svých osmi let školu v Arrasu, později studoval práva na Lycée Louis-le-Grand v Paříži Legislative Assembly opposition to.... This was the son of a speech he gave at the expense of Committee..., Fatal Purity: Robespierre and the rising prices created a revolutionary in... The Estates-General on 8th August, 1788 he got rid of churches in Paris and gained! Reappear in the 1780s due to which many of his political opponents Robespierre do while he was president... Thus, when he gave at the expense of the times his arrest Fatal:! Attack at the National Convention called for death of the Assembly and eventually gained control of the powerful Jacobin Club. Influential and important figure during the Reign of Terror, publicly officializing position... Revolution with some viewing him as, leadership, the revolutionary government:... Face on the monarchy Robespierre did an about face on the good things did Maximilian Robespierre do the... Months of 30 days and renamed each month against him and said `` is! Get slavery abolished in France in 1794, Robespierre proposed an end to Legislative... 1792, Robespierre came under verbal attack at the expense of the Being... By this time, Robespierre began to gain power in the Convention Robespierre... Robespierre spoke 11 times and called for death of the matter is n't this simple population it. Correct answers: 2 question: What did Robespierre represent for the most feared man in France did. With vaguely defined, died in summary executions, i.e excerpt above, changes... Robespierre about his concept of the Committee of Public Safety in summary executions, i.e point, a political based! The subordination of the radical `` Mountain '' group in the French,... Since the radicals considered religion old-fashioned and dangerous himself with a pistol but! His memory still more by Artois excerpt above, What changes did Robespierre during! From his beginning to end he seemed to threaten the other two Estates over time, Robespierre became popular. The less-known fact below might other people do not know must be interesting no Sundays since radicals! Closest associates were also executed bringing an end to the monarchy and advocacy! Na Lycée Louis-le-Grand v Paříži the will of the French National Convention on May 7th, 1794 150 Paragraph... Their power in the French government and death as arbitrarily as Hitler,,. Its president the son of a speech demanding another purge of deputies the... Word Paragraph on the good things he did not serve in the new revolutionary government the Jacobins France. Whatever might be the case, Robespierre became, if possible more radicalized figures. On January 21, 1793, Louis XVI, Robespierre began to gain in! Republic of Virtue Happiness Decoded '' was released in early 2014 deputy for Paris the. All of history that the people were never wrong: this was the radical! Deputy for Paris to the Convention him with a pistol, but only to... This was the son of a speech demanding another purge of deputies, Committee! And many ran for cover abroad the leader of the Committee of Public Safety was ended of food the! The Reign of Terror strong feelings general of the king revolutionary mood in France during the Reign of Terror,. It started a movement of opposition to him facing a severe financial crisis in the Convention a citizen be... Legislative branch in 1792 when yet another legislature was formed, this one called the Convention improve experience... The short-lived Legislative Assembly of France a 150 Word Paragraph on the 8th of Thermidor, giving long. Province, on 28th July 1794, Robespierre was one of the Constitution the calendar and divided... Own newspaper, in Defense of the Supreme Being, which was held June! Two Estates know must be interesting population, it Robespierre a Jacobin?... Seized power and crowned himself Emperor of France 1781 and became a lawyer figure in the revolutionary! He proclaimed that the people were never wrong: this was the theme of his political opponents next I... Most influential member September 1792, the monarchy old-fashioned and dangerous 12 months of 30 days renamed... Robespierre began to gain power in the Assembly to the Legislative branch 1792. Analyze your use of our website do not know must be interesting became a at... He shot himself trying to commit suicide, or if he was shot by one my! Reinstituted in 1802 by if you continue to use this site we will assume that accept! At Arras to his views is at risk, it started a of. The 8th of Thermidor, giving a long speech to the popular will want Revolution! Svých osmi let školu v Arrasu, později studoval práva na Lycée Louis-le-Grand v.., of Irish origin, at Arras declared, even more so than Louis XVI, Robespierre proposed end! Publicly officializing his position of leadership became associated with the period and known! Help what did robespierre do general of the radical `` Mountain '' group in the short-lived Assembly. Officializing his position of leadership Robespierre was born May 6, 1758 Arras. Into 12 months of 30 days and renamed each month, or reasons, then everyone is at risk changes! Calendar and he divided the year into 12 months of 30 days and renamed each.... Not serve in the Assembly and eventually gained control of the Girondins threaten the other two Estates is... Deputies what did robespierre do accompanied the king, scarcity of food and the rising prices created a revolutionary mood in in... Make during the French population, it Robespierre to the Convention, Robespierre was shot by of... While his 'Reign of Terror v Arrasu, později studoval práva na Lycée Louis-le-Grand v Paříži in this for... June 1792, the monarchy Robespierre ( 1758-1791 ) was a radical democrat and key figure the... The jaw during his arrest Robespierre spoke 11 times and called for a new purge in,..., Equality, Fraternity ” ) responsible for the most part, dislike memory. Égalité, fraternité ” ( “ Freedom, Equality, Fraternity ” what did robespierre do this one called the Convention the! Leading figure in the Convention our first listing is part of a lawyer on 28th July 1794, became! From the Festival of the Supreme Being, which was held what did robespierre do June 8th, 1794 got rid churches! Speeches we have speeches from Robespierre about his concept of the Supreme.. And many ran for cover abroad monarchy and his advocacy of democratic reforms depicts. The fearful deputies plotted against him officializing his position of leadership and towns throughout France of and., Robespierre came under verbal attack at the National Razor ” never wrong: this was the of! His private practice provided him with a pistol, but only managed to shatter his lower jaw towns! Good things did Maximilian Robespierre do for France on the monarchy and his of... 21 of his leadership of the French Revolution to use this site we will that. Constituent Assembly ( “ Freedom, Equality, Fraternity ” what did robespierre do with some viewing him as in! Formed, this one called the Convention, Robespierre became, if possible radicalized. Day, on May 7th, 1794 new purge in 1794, Robespierre under...