History of African traditional religion Christianity came to Africa from the outside, it happened, as the legend says, in 42, then the Orthodox Coptic Church was formed by the Apostle Mark. About 10 per cent of the African population is still practicing some form of traditional religion today. These proverbs show an understanding of a superior Creator who is also on a different physical plane to mankind, often depicted as being in the heavens. Often good behaviour is highlighted in proverbs, such as this Kenyan proverb about the virtue of being humble: ‘It is humility that exalts one and favours him against his friends’, Kipsigis Proverb (Kenya). ‘If your parents take care of you up to the time you cut your teeth, you take care of them when they lose theirs’, Akan proverb (Ghana). The most important thing is that in the new South Africa religion and spirituality are used to create greater understanding and harmony rather than to divide people as was done in the past. In Africa you are automatically born into your African Traditional Religion, unlike Christianity and Islam where you have to be converted. Mbiti regards African Traditional Religion(s) (ATR(s)) as monotheism and as a praeparatio evangelica, and maintains that the Christian God is the same as the God worshipped in ATR(s). 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Les religions traditionnelles africaines sont l ensemble des …   Wikipédia en Français, Religions tribales africaines — Religions traditionnelles africaines  Cet article concerne les religions africaines traditionnelles. Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. If the Judge finds no stains on your feet, open your belly to joy, for you have overcome and your belly is clean’. Britannica 2020). Again the reverence for ancestors stems from the same concept of social order that is seen throughout African life. It is often combined with elements of Christianity and Islam. The three main religious traditions—African traditional religion, Christianity, and Islam—constitute the triple religious heritage of the African continent. There are common beliefs in Africa although the continent is a large with many different cultures and Having established that a more powerful Creator sits above us and sees everything that we do, there is also a recognition that the Creator is also our benefactor, planning and providing for us: ‘As you plan for somebody, so God plans for you’, Igbo Proverb, (Nigeria). Elements of the traditional religion that a Christian would need to consider when sharing the Christian faith/gospel with a person from this community. (Worship of the vodun is the original source of the Haitian religion of Vodou, which emerged as a syncretism of African, Roman Catholic, and Caribbean religious traditions by African slaves in Haiti.) Similarly, when visiting a village, there is normally a set of customs to first seek permission from the village chief and declaring your mission before being allowed to engage with other members of the village. The traditional religions indigenous to Africa have, for most of their existence, been orally rather than scripturally transmitted. 3 Leo Frobenius, The Voice of Africa, Vol. Les religions traditionnelles africaines sont l ensemble des …   Wikipédia en Français, Religions négro-africaines — Religions traditionnelles africaines  Cet article concerne les religions africaines traditionnelles. To understand the issue one must go back to the beginnings of anthropology in the 19th century and follow its evolution (see 19th-Century Background). African traditional religion— African traditional religions, also referred to as African indigenous religions or African tribal religions, is a term referring to a variety of religions indigenous to the continent of Africa. This belief, just as in the case of the previous one, has a theological basis – the plurality of divinities (polytheism). The great faiths of the world have a religious text to refer to, and yet, our observance of religious people is often that their behaviour does not reflect their teachings and faith. The study of African religions is greatly neglected in religious… …   Concise dictionary of Religion, AFRICAN INDEPENDENT CHURCH —    since the late nineteenth century thousands of NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS have developed in Africa all of which claim to be CHRISTIAN yet they reject traditional MISSIONARY Churches and attempt to incorporate many TRADITIONAL African BELIEFS and… …   Concise dictionary of Religion, African American culture — in the United States refers to the cultural contributions of African ethnic groups to the culture of the United States, either as part of or distinct from American culture. Some examples of African traditional religions include the Yoruba and Igbo of Nigeria, the Serer of Senegal, the Akan of Ghana and the Ivory Coast, and Vodun, a religion practiced by the Gbe peoples. African Traditional Religion is a huge part of its believers’ culture; it’s one of the main parts of culture in Africa. Traditional African religions are the traditions of the religious groups in Africa.After Christianity and Islam, they are the third-biggest religious group in Africa.These religions still stick to their traditions. There are many behaviours that are expected of people. There must have been many Messengers that we are not aware of, but whose legacy would be imprinted in the changes in behaviour and culture resulting from their teachings. That is, African traditional religion or African traditional religions (Mbiti 1969, 1–2; Idowu 1973, 103; Booth 1977, 3; Ikenga-Metu 1987, 19; Alolo 2007; Ejizu n.d). Every aspect of it cannot be described as original. At the end of the examination by the Judge, if the person has no stains, they are joyous just as someone would be if they are destined for heaven. Traditional African religion is very popular and arrived here with our North and West African ancestors. The tribes across Africa have various names for the High God such as Maa for the Bambara, Irke for the Songhey or Amma for the Dogun (Velton, p.31). African religions are very diverse. Healers, PROPHETS and other RITUAL specialists play an important role in these religions although not all have people easily identified as PRIESTS. Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural, include belief in a supreme creator, belief in spirits, veneration of the dead, use of magic, and traditional medicine. 2. Traditional Religions The religions practiced by the majority of people living in Africa are Christianity and Islam. to tag the traditional religion of Africans and believe […] Abrahamic religions are widespread throughout Africa. More than 100 million Africans still adhere to the traditional African religions. Eliade mentioned that around 800 languages are spoken on the continent [5]. Les religions traditionnelles africaines sont l ensemble des …   Wikipédia en Français, African religions — Indigenous religions of the African continent. It is not easy to date how far back these religious systems go, but as an example, the Bantu people of Central Africa are believed to have emerged from Cameroon and Nigeria around 1000 BCE and then spread in the region. The traditional African religions (or traditional beliefs and practices of African people) are a set of highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions . There is also a Hadith [4] saying of the Holy Prophet (sa)] recording a conversation in which Prophet  Muhammad (sa) when asked how many Prophets had been sent to mankind, answered that there were 124,000! Although there is an infinite variety of traditional religions in Africa, beliefs such as WITCHCRAFT and the role of the ancestors seem to be common themes in many societies. This is not just seen with parents who are treated with respect and kindness, but also with teachers who are shown the utmost respect. Traditional African religion has common themes such as a Creator or High God, positive ancestor influences as well as tricksters, and an afterlife with spirit worlds. It was also esti… His justice is true and he will examine your feet, he will know how to find every stain, whether visible or hidden under the skin; if you have fallen on the way, he will know. 3 And similar to this was the dialogue that took place between Edwin Smith, who had gone out as a missionary to Africa, and Emil Ludwig, an eminent biographer. The four linguistic phylums spoken in Africa are: Afro-Asiatic, Nilo-Saharan, Niger-Congo, and Khoi-San. Over millennia, this is sometimes distorted into worship of natural resources such as rivers and mountains, but even then, there is always a recognition of a greater power. They are folk religions, and combine different beliefs.In general, people in the cities confess to either Christianity or Islam. Some examples of devotional masks and outfits are shown below (images courtesy of the author unless otherwise attributed): Examples of masks and ceremonial outfits from the Bassam area of Ivory Coast, Examples of masks and statuettes made by craftsmen on the Gambia-Senegal border. When Ludwig got to It is clear that Africa has been a cradle of civilization for millennia, and that as mentioned in the Qur’an (10:48), the various tribes across Africa have not been devoid of prophecy and revelation. Today, Christianity and Islam are religions practiced by the majority of people living in Africa. So normally we refer to African Traditional Religions in the plural, and it’s simply summarized or written in notation form as “ATR” – African Traditional Religion. Most traditional African religions have, for most of their existence, been orally/spiritually (rather than scripturally) transmitted or practiced. They are like indigenous African religions in that they are preoccupied with healing. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. Westerners, and even most misinformed Africans, are wont to use derogatory words such as primitive, idolatry, paganism etc. Thus, linguistic experts such as Christopher Ehretand Placide Tempels have applied their knowledge of languages towards reconstructing the original core beliefs of the followers of these traditions. African Traditional Religion is now widely taught in African universities, but its identity remains essentially negative: African belief that is not Christianity or Islam. However, there were many traditional religions practiced prior to the arrival of these two religions. And in the 2nd century, a new religion became popular in Egypt, as well as in Ethiopia and Eritrea. These faiths are usually confined to local areas and tribes, and are passed down from one generation to the next, mostly through oral tradition. The World Book Encyclopediahas estimated that in 2002 Christians formed 40% of the continent's population, with Muslims forming 45%. African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. For the continent of Africa, were those people devoid of religion until the Abrahamic faiths came to the continent in the last two millennia, or were they also the beneficiaries of revelation which would have impacted their cultures and behaviours? Sometimes this will also be manifested in a move to towns with communal responsibility and shared worship from traditional pastoral herders who would have moved across the region just as the Tuareg do to this day. 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